Autism Spectrum Disorder: Signs and Symptoms

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability caused by differences in the brain. People with ASD often have problems with social communication and interaction, and restricted or repetitive behaviors or interests.

People with ASD may also have different ways of learning, moving, or paying attention. It is important to note that some people without ASD might also have some of these symptoms. But for people with ASD, these characteristics can make life very challenging.

Social Communication and Interaction Skills

Social communication and interaction skills can be challenging for people with ASD.

Examples of social communication and social interaction characteristics related to ASD can include

  • Avoids or does not keep eye contact
  • Does not respond to name by 9 months of age
  • Does not show facial expressions like happy, sad, angry, and surprised by 9 months of age
  • Does not play simple interactive games like pat-a-cake by 12 months of age
  • Uses few or no gestures by 12 months of age (for example, does not wave goodbye)
  • Does not share interests with others by 15 months of age (for example, shows you an object that they like)
  • Does not point to show you something interesting by 18 months of age
  • Does not notice when others are hurt or upset by 24 months of age
  • Does not notice other children and join them in play by 36 months of age
  • Does not pretend to be something else, like a teacher or superhero, during play by 48 months of age
  • Does not sing, dance, or act for you by 60 months of age

People with ASD have behaviors or interests that can seem unusual. These behaviors or interests set ASD apart from conditions defined by problems with social communication and interaction only.

Restricted or repetitive behaviors and interests related to ASD

Examples of restricted or repetitive behaviors and interests related to ASD can include

  • Lines up toys or other objects and gets upset when order is changed
  • Repeats words or phrases over and over (called echolalia)
  • Plays with toys the same way every time
  • Is focused on parts of objects (for example, wheels)
  • Gets upset by minor changes
  • Has obsessive interests
  • Must follow certain routines
  • Flaps hands, rocks body, or spins self in circles
  • Has unusual reactions to the way things sound, smell, taste, look, or feel

Other Characteristics 

Hầu hết người tự kỷ sẽ có những đặc điểm tương đồng nhau như bên dưới: 

  • Most people with ASD have other related characteristics. These might include 
    • Delayed language skills 
    • Delayed movement skills 
    • Delayed cognitive or learning skills 
    • Hyperactive, impulsive, and/or inattentive behavior 
    • Epilepsy or seizure disorder 
    • Unusual eating and sleeping habits 
    • Gastrointestinal issues (for example, constipation) 
    • Unusual mood or emotional reactions 
    • Anxiety, stress, or excessive worry 
    • Lack of fear or more fear than expected 

    It is important to note that children with ASD may not have all or any of the behaviors listed as examples here. 

See more signs and symptoms of ASD here: 

Sàng lọc nguy cơ rối loạn phổ tự kỷ từ sớm 

Because the above signs or symptoms are for reference only, while each individual with autism spectrum disorder will have different characteristics, when parents notice the above signs, the best solution is to take their child to school. See available disorder specialists soon.

Note that autism screening specialists are not pediatricians. When conducting screening and early prediction of autism spectrum disorders, autism screening experts have their own checklists, professional assessments through exercises – asking children to perform throughout the process. evaluation process.

VICA applies the ADOS-2 autism spectrum disorder screening assessment, conducted by international experts. The evaluation process will take place according to a professional self-propelled process, ensuring highly accurate evaluation results. After the consultation and evaluation process and the results are obtained, the expert will analyze, read the results and consult with parents about a thyroid intervention plan for the child if the child has autism spectrum disorder.